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What is the most important thing to remember when teenagers swimming

every summer is a period of high incidence of drowning accidents among teenagers. Drowning has become the first "killer" of abnormal deaths of minors. To avoid similar tragedies, teenagers need to pay attention to these things when swimming.

what do teenagers need to pay attention to when swimming

What do teenagers need to pay attention to when swimming, and how to save themselves from drowning

choose a suitable place to swim

before going to a place for swimming, first check whether there is a warning sign near the place, indicating that the water depth is dangerous. Don't go near it. It's easy to be dangerous. In addition, it's best not to go to rivers and lakes with unknown water conditions to avoid hidden currents and vortices. It's recommended to go to a regular swimming pool.

swim with parents

it's best for teenagers who are still under age to go swimming with their parents. They can't go swimming in rivers and lakes alone.

put on your safety equipment

no matter whether the water is good or not, it's best to bring safety equipment such as lifebuoy, floating plate and life jacket, so as to ensure safety to the greatest extent.

know your health

you should be aware of your physical health. Usually, your limbs are easy to cramp. You should not take part in swimming or swim in deep water. Make good preparations before going into the water. First move your body. If the water temperature is too low, wash your body with water in shallow water first, and then go into the water for swimming after adapting to the water temperature; Students with dentures should remove the dentures to prevent them from falling into the esophagus or trachea when choking water.

avoid swimming in places with strong currents

many rivers are calm on the surface. In fact, the river is really rough. Once they are completely involved in the vortex by the river, the consequences will be unimaginable. Therefore, ask the specific situation of the river before swimming. A typical example is the Yellow River.

don't brag and compete

many teenagers are young and energetic. They like to show off and compete. Although they swim badly, they still swim with a hard head, which is easy to bring danger. Therefore, don't provoke and fight wantonly between peers, so as not to cause tragedy.

bad weather not suitable for swimming

you can't go swimming in bad weather, such as thunderstorm, wind, sudden change of weather, etc.

get ready before swimming

don't be too hungry or full when you go into the water. One hour after dinner to get into the water to avoid cramps; Try the water temperature before going into the water. If the water is too cold, don't go into the water. Lift some water on your limbs before swimming, and then jump into the water. Don't jump into the water immediately; If you swim in the river, lake or sea, you must have company. You can't swim alone.

if you feel unwell, go ashore immediately

if you suddenly feel uncomfortable during swimming, such as dizziness, nausea, palpitation, shortness of breath, etc., you should immediately go ashore to rest or call for help.

What do teenagers need to pay attention to when swimming, and how to save themselves from drowning

what principles should teenagers follow in swimming

No swimming without permission; Do not swim with others without authorization; No swimming without the guidance of parents or teachers; It is not allowed to swim in the waters without safety facilities and rescue personnel; Do not swim in unfamiliar waters; Teenagers who can't swim are not allowed to go into the water for rescue without authorization.

What do teenagers need to pay attention to when swimming, and how to save themselves from drowning

self rescue method for teenagers swimming drowning

in order to prevent drowning during swimming, teenagers must master certain self rescue methods.

stay calm

when drowning, the most important thing is to keep calm and calm and relax. If you panic and flutter in the water, on the one hand, it will cause the tension of the muscles around you, making your physical strength exhausted too early to save yourself. On the other hand, if it is in the sea or river, it may be entangled with water and grass, making the situation more difficult.

keep supine position

when drowning, you should relax your limbs. When you feel your body floating upward, you can take the supine position and head back, which can expose your mouth and nose out of the water for breathing. Don't raise your hands and wave indiscriminately, which will speed up the sinking of your body.

inhale through the mouth and exhale through the nose

when drowning, try to breathe in through your mouth and exhale through your nose. Don't breathe through your mouth, otherwise water may choke into your throat. When breathing, inhale deeply and exhale shallowly. Because when you inhale deeply, the specific gravity of the human body is slightly lighter than that of water and can surface; When exhaling, the specific gravity of the human body is slightly heavier than that of water and can sink into the water.

shout for help

when drowning, it's best to shout for help after the posture is adjusted correctly, otherwise the water is easy to choke into the throat. When the rescuer appears, don't grab and drag the rescuer's body in a hurry. Be sure to follow the command of the other party and work together to get out of the dilemma, otherwise both sides may lose.

watch out for hand and foot cramps

people who can swim often drown because of sudden hand and foot cramps. When cramps occur, the specific solutions are as follows:

1. When your fingers cramp, hold your hands into fists, and then open them vigorously. Do it several times quickly and alternately until you are free.

2. When one palm is cramped, the other palm presses the cramped palm vigorously and vibrates.

3. In case of leg or toe cramp, take a breath first, lie on your back on the water, hold the cramped toe with the hand on the opposite side of the cramped limb, and pull it towards the body with force, and press the other hand on the knee of the limb on the side of the cramp to help straighten it. If you can't do it once, you can do it several times in a row.

4. In case of thigh cramp, take a breath, lie on your back in the water, bend the cramped thigh and knee joint, then hold the lower leg with both hands to make it stick to your thigh, add vibration action, and finally straighten it forward.

prevent being entangled by water and grass

if you swim in the sea or in the river, if you are accidentally entangled by water and grass when drowning, keep calm and don't flutter, otherwise it will be more difficult to untie the entanglement of water and grass. You can take a deep breath, dive underwater, untie the water grass wrapped around your legs and feet, and then return along the way. You can't go further.

What do teenagers need to pay attention to when swimming, and how to save themselves from drowning

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