Other hazards of excessive exercise
excessive exercise will not only hurt muscles and bones, but also hurt the intestines. An Australian study found that when a person excessively increases the amount of exercise and prolongs the exercise time, the risk of intestinal damage will increase and intestinal function is vulnerable to damage.
intestinal cells are vulnerable to excessive exercise
research has found that when a person exercises excessively, intestinal cells are vulnerable to damage, and the intestinal tract is also prone to loopholes and leakage. There are some pathogenic and endogenous toxins in the intestinal tract. When the intestinal tract is healthy, these pathogenic and endogenous toxins will stay in the intestinal tract and will not run around. Once there is a leak in the intestinal tract, toxins in the intestinal tract may run into the blood flow, and this "exercise-induced gastrointestinal symptoms" may lead to some acute or chronic diseases.
researchers also observed that when a person exercises for two hours, the degree of exercise reaches 60% of the "maximum oxygen uptake" (VO2max), which seems to be a threshold. No matter what his physical and physical condition, as long as he exceeds this threshold, the risk of intestinal damage will increase significantly. If you exercise and run in a hot environment, intestinal disorders will worsen.
patients with special intestinal diseases had better do low and moderate exercise
research suggests that it may be beneficial for patients with irritable bowel disease and inflammatory bowel disease to do low and moderate exercise. Although in this journal paper, the researchers did not study the impact of intense exercise on patients with irritable bowel disease and inflammatory bowel diseases, intense exercise and excessive exercise are also likely to have an adverse impact on these patients.
intestinal disorders during exercise
Ricardo Costa, chief author of the
study and a scholar of nutrition, nutritional therapy and food science at Monash University in Australia, said that although studies have shown that excessive exercise will damage intestinal integrity and function, some deterioration factors can be controlled. If some prevention and control strategies are adopted, it may help reduce the injury.
the study authors also suggest that if a person has intestinal disorders during exercise, it is best to make a whole intestinal health evaluation to find out the cause, and formulate personalized improvement strategies according to the cause.
other hazards of excessive exercise
1. Thirst and nausea
it is normal to feel thirsty after exercise. However, if you drink too much water and still feel thirsty and urinate too much, this is an abnormal phenomenon and a precursor of excessive exercise. You should stop exercise immediately. If you can't relieve after rest, you should check the pancreatic function.
it's normal to lose appetite temporarily after strenuous exercise and have a good appetite after rest. If you don't want to eat for a long time and have anorexia, it is abnormal. You should check your digestive function. Increased appetite after exercise is a normal physiological phenomenon. However, if the food intake increases sharply and continues, go to the endocrine department to check the pancreatic secretion function.
in fitness activities, you generally don't feel dizzy except starting to practice some rotation movements. If lasting or transient dizziness occurs, it is a signal of poor blood supply to the heart and brain. Pay attention to the examination of cardiovascular system and cervical spine.
4. Headache and panic
there should be no headache during or after all sports activities. In case of headache, stop activities immediately and focus on the examination of nerve, cardio cerebrovascular system.
5. Mental fatigue
this is a manifestation of kidney deficiency, and it may also be liver damage. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the liver is the "root of strike", so liver disease People should reduce the amount of exercise. If they still feel tired after reducing the amount of activity, they should check the liver and circulatory system.
6. Limb weakness
it is normal to have no strength after fitness activities. Generally, you will recover after resting for about 15 minutes. If it can't recover for several days, it indicates that the spleen is damaged, because the spleen governs the muscles of limbs. If it is accompanied by gastric distention and no food, it should reduce the amount of exercise.
wheezing is a normal phenomenon during exercise. It will occur in varying degrees with the intensity of exercise. It can return to normal after rest, which is a normal physiological phenomenon. If you pant after a little activity and can't recover after a long rest time, it may be that the lung is damaged, because the lung controls Qi and takes care of breathing. If the lung is damaged, you will have thick breath, and if the lung is deficient in Qi, you will have no control over wheezing. In this case, activities should be stopped, focusing on respiratory examination, diagnosis and treatment.
8. Chest sweating
generally, you will sweat during exercise. If you exercise too much, sweat profusely in the chest and shortness of breath, it may be a signal that the heart is affected. Because sweat is the fluid of the heart, you should stop strenuous exercise immediately.
9. Joint pain
if there is pain and joint dysfunction in or near the joint, it may be ligament strain. In addition, because women's physical strength is weak, they are also prone to knee meniscus injury during exercise. The popular "mob" may have a sequelae of "marching fracture", that is, fatigue fracture or periostitis in muscles and bones, resulting in endless pain in the hind feet of the mob. At the same time, we should also pay attention to abnormal feelings such as numbness and swelling.
10. Muscle soreness
it is normal for people who have just started activities, stopped activities for a long time and resumed activities, or changed new activities to cause muscle pain in a certain part. This kind of muscle soreness will appear after the next day of exercise and generally disappear in about 2 ~ 3 days. If the muscle is sore for a long time, it is possible that the muscle and soft tissue are damaged due to excessive exercise.